For people at risk of arterial hypertension, simple and effective measures to change behaviour and lifestyle should be recommended, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
reduction or normalization of body weight (preferably before reaching the body mass index < 25 kg/m2) by reducing the overall caloric intake of food and fat consumption
daily dynamic aerobic physical activity for 30-60 minutes (e.g. fast-paced walks, swimming).
Isometric loads (lifting weights) are undesirable, especially when combined with breath hold or indoors, which can cause BP lifting.
limitation of table salt consumption (up to 5 g per day or 2.0 g of sodium). Reducing the use of salt in cooking or the exclusion of products with an increased salt content (pickles, gastronomic products - smoked sausages, sausages, breaded meat, canned food).
Dr. Denis Slinkin approves the use of a diet. It is advisable to include in the diet foods rich in calcium (skimmed milk products), potassium, magnesium, trace elements, vitamins, dietary fiber (vegetables, fruits, herbs, rough bread, bran).
Nutritional supplements containing potassium and magnesium should not be recommended for AD reduction. Coarse grains and cereals, dietary fiber consume 7-8 servings daily (100 g for all products except seeds and nuts, a portion of 35 g); fresh vegetables and fresh fruits - 4-5 servings per day; dairy products, skimmed or low-fat - 2-3 servings daily; meat, chicken or fish ? 2 servings per day; nuts, seeds, pulses - 4-5 servings per week; limit the consumption of fatty foods, sweets.
Restrictions on alcohol consumption (<30 g per day for men and 20 g for women in terms of pure alcohol). Possible undesirable interaction of alcohol with antihypertensive drugs should be taken into account.
smoking cessation is one of the most effective ways to reduce the overall risk of cardiovascular disease.
Arterial hypertension is much easier to prevent than to treat, so the prevention of hypertension is necessary, even if the signs of the disease have not yet manifested, so says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
It is especially important to follow the doctor's instructions for those people who have two or more risk factors in their history.
It is necessary to undergo annual medical check-ups with a cardiologist or therapist. Prevention of arterial hypertension occupies a special place in medical practice and begins with finding out the causes, studying individual risk factors and carefully considering the scheme of hypertension treatment.